SALTWATER FISH OF CYPRUS

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GARFISH

Scientific
name: Belone belone

Common
size: 25-50 cm, weight: 20-500 gr

Fishing
season: Aug-Nov

Bait:
Small dead or live fish, squid, prawn, flour, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 10-14  Line: 0.25-0.30 mm

Found
up to 0.5 m deep.

SEA
BASS

Scientific
name: Dicentrarchus labrax

Common
size: 25-125 cm, weight: 0.3-10 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Dead or live fish, worms, prawn, meat, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 2-8  Line: 0.30-0.35 mm

Gar.
Can be found in all beaches and in harbours hunting for mice and frogs.

 

JACK

Scientific
name: Lichia amia

Common
size: 15-100 cm, weight: 0.03-5 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year especially Aug-Nov

Bait:
Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.30 mm

Gar.
Can be caught any time of the day rarely at night.

BARRACUDA

Scientific
name: Sphyraena sphyraena

Common
size: 30-130 cm, weight: 0.3-5 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Gar.
Can be found late in the afternoon and during the night time. 

 DOLPHIN

Scientific
name: Copyphaena hippurus

Common
size: 40-150 cm, weight: 0.3-10 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 2-4  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Gar.
Can be found any time of the day when you least expect it. 

BLUEFISH

Scientific
name: Temnodom saltator

Common
size: 25-120 cm, weight: 0.2-10 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Gar.
Warning:Sharp teeth can easily cut your fingers. 

TUNAFISH

Scientific
name: Thunnus thunnus

Common
size: 0.3-3 m

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Usually
found in open sea, rarely at the beach. 

AMBERJACK

Scientific
name: Seriola dumerili

Common
size: 30-120 cm, weight: 0.5 -30 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year (esp. Aug-Oct)

Bait:
Small live fish, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 2-4  Line: 0.35-0.45 mm

Gar.
Can be caught any time of the day usually from a boat.


MEDITERRANEAN HORSE MACKEREL

Scientific name: Trachurus mediterraneus (or Caranx suareus)

Common
size: 12-30 cm, weight: 0.2 -1 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year (esp. Jun-Oct)

Bait:
Small live fish, prawn, plastic fish, spoon, spinner etc

Hook
size: No. 4-8  Line: 0.20-0.30 mm

Gar.
Can be caught any time of the day

BLACKFISH

Scientific
name: Epinephelus guaza

Common
size: 10-150 cm, weight: 0.1-25 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Small live or dead fish, squid, prawn, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 2-8  Line: 0.35-0.45 mm

Can be found
during the night time. 

PERCH

Scientific
name: Serranus scriba

Common
size: 10-30 cm, weight: 60 – 600 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Prawn, worm, squid etc

Hook
size: No. 8-12  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

Can be found near underwater rocks.

WRASSE

Scientific
name:Labrus bergylta

Common
size: 10-25 cm, weight: 30-250 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Worms, prawn, squid, flour etc

Hook
size: No. 12-16  Line: 0.18-0.25 mm

Found
near underwater rocks and plants.

SCORPION-FISH

Scientific
name: Scorpaena scrofa

Common
size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-1000 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Any bait.

Hook
size: No. 4-10  Line: 0.20-0.30 mm

Found
near rocks. Can be caught at night.

WARNING:
Poisonous spine can cause insufferable pain.

CONGER
EEL

Scientific
name: Conger conger

Common
size: 30-150 cm, weight: 30gr – 3 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Dead or live fish, worms, prawn, squid etc

Hook
size: No. 2-6  Line: 0.25-0.35 mm

Live
in holes in rocks and are very difficult to catch but small ones can be
caught rarely during the night time.

MORAY

Scientific
name: Muraena helena

Common
size: 30-150 cm, weight: 100gr -3 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Small dead or live fish, squid, octopus etc

Hook
size: No. 2-6  Line: 0.35-0.45 mm

Lives
in holes and caves in rocks. VERY DANGEROUS when caught or pestered. Razor
sharp teeth can easily cut pieces of flesh.  Can stay alive for hours
out of the water so just cut its head off to be on the safe side.

BOGUE

Scientific
name: Boops boops

Common
size: 10-25 cm, weight: 30-150 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year especially during the summer.

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid etc

Hook
size: No. 12-16  Line: 0.15-0.25 mm

 

SALPA

Scientific
name: Boops salpa

Common
size: 12-35 cm, weight: 50gr-1.5kg

Fishing
season: Jul-Nov

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid etc

Hook
size: No. 10-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

 

MULLET

Scientific
name: Mugil cephalus

Common
size: 10-70 cm, weight: 15gr-5kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Flour, bread, cheese etc

Hook
size: No. 14-18  Line: 0.16-0.20 mm

Met everywhere and especially in harbours and sandy beaches. 

WHITE
BREAM

Scientific
name: Piplodus sargus

Common
size: 10-40 cm, weight: 75gr-1kg

Fishing
season: Jul – Nov

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

SADDLED
SEA BREAM

Scientific
name: Oblada melanura

Common
size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-800 gr

Fishing
season: Jul – Nov

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.18-0.25 mm

STRIPED SEABREAM – MOURMOURA

Scientific
name: Lithognathus mormyrus

Common
size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-1000 gr

Fishing
season: Jul – Nov

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 8-12  Line: 0.18-0.25 mm

GILTHEAD
SEA BREAM

Scientific
name: Sparus aurata

Common
size: 15-80 cm, weight: 100gr -3 kg

Fishing
season: Jul – Nov

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid, worms, mussels etc

Hook
size: No. 6-10  Line: 0.20-0.30 mm

CORB

Scientific
name: Umbrina cirroca

Common
size: 15-100 cm, weight: 60gr-7kg

Fishing
season: Jul – Nov

Bait:
Prawn, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 6-10  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

EEL

Scientific
name: Anguilla anguilla

Common
size: up to 1.5 m, weight: 0.5-3 kg

Fishing
season: Spring-Autumn

Bait:
Small dead or live fish, worms, liver, gurry etc

Hook
size: No. 2-8  Line: 0.35-0.40 mm

Gar.
Active during night time. Hides in mud at the bed of dams and rivers.

WEEVER
FISH

Scientific
name: Trachinus araneus

Common
size: 10-35 cm, weight: 60-800 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Prawn, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 4-10  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

Found
near rocks or plants in sandy beaches.

WARNING:
Poisonous spine can cause insufferable pain.

PARROT
FISH (SCARUS)

Scientific
name: Scarus cretensis

Common
size: 10-40 cm, weight: 60-400 gr

Fishing
season: Aug-Nov

Bait:
Wrack, algae, rarely prawn

Hook
size: No. 6-10  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

PLAICE

Scientific
name: Solea vulgaris

Common
size: 15-50 cm, weight: 50-300 gr

Fishing
season: Aug-Nov

Bait:
Flour, prawn, worms, etc

Hook
size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

SHARP-NOSED
SEA BREAM

Scientific
name: Puntazzio puntazzio

Common
size: 10-35 cm, weight: 75-250gr

Fishing
season: Sep – Nov

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 8-14  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

BLENNY

Scientific
name: Blennius gattorugine

(A
few other species can also be found)

Common
size: 10-20 cm, weight: 35-100gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 8-16  Line: 0.15-0.25 mm

NOT EATABLE.  Caught by mistake when fishing for other
fish.

 

WRASSE

(Rainbow
wrasse, Peacock wrasse)

Scientific
name: Coris julis, Thalassoma pavo

Common
size: 5-20 cm, weight: 35-150 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Flour, prawn, squid, cheese, worms etc

Hook
size: No. 16-18  Line: 0.15-0.20 mm

SILVERSIDE

Scientific
name: Atherina hepsetus, Atherina presbyter

Common
size: 5-15 cm, weight: 10-50 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year esp. Sep-Nov

Bait:
n/a

Hook
size: n/a

Can only be caught using nets.

COMPER

Scientific
name: Serranus cabrilla, Serranus hepatus

Common
size: 10-30 cm, weight: 50 – 250 gr

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
Prawn, worm, squid etc

Hook
size: No. 8-12  Line: 0.20-0.25 mm

Can be found near underwater rocks or sandy beaches.

MARBLED
SPINEFOOD

Scientific
name: Siganus Rivulatus

Common
size: 5-25 cm, max 27 cm , weight: 50 – 250 gr

Fishing season: Jul – Nov

Bait:
Flour, wrack, algae etc

Hook
size: No. 14-16  Line: 0.16-0.20 mm

Can be found
over sandy substrate, often covered by algae
and seagrass

Migrated from Red Sea around
the year 1929 via the Suez Canal

Its
dorsal fin is venomous. Stinging very painful but non-lethal.


DUSKY
SPINEFOOD

Scientific
name: Siganus Luridus

Common
size: 10-22 cm, max 30 cm , weight: 50 – 250 gr

Fishing season: Jul – Nov

Bait:
Flour, wrack, algae etc

Hook
size: No. 14-16  Line: 0.16-0.20 mm

Can be found
in rocky or hard substrate, usually covered
with vegetation.

Migrated from Red Sea around
the year 1969 via the Suez Canal

Its
dorsal fin is venomous. Stinging very painful but non-lethal.

SWORDFISH

Scientific
name: Xiphias gladius

Common
size: 1-3 m, weight: 80 – 300 kg

Fishing
season: Any time of the year

Bait:
gilthead sea bream, squid etc.

Caution: Very dangerous

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