AUSTRALIAN SALMON | KAHAWAI Photos, Info, Catch, Cook, Buy

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Australian salmon or
Australasian salmon,
known as kahawai in New Zealand, are
medium-sized perciform marine fish of the small family Arripidae (also spelled
Arripididae). Four species are recognized, all within the genus Arripis; they
are found in the waters off southern Australia (including Tasmania) and New
Zealand. Despite the common name, Australian salmon are not related to the
salmon (family Salmonidae) of the Northern Hemisphere; the former were named so
by early European settlers after their superficial resemblance to the
salmoniform fishes.


Australian Salmon
have moderately rounded, elongated bodies. Their dorsal fin is
much longer than the anal fin and has 9 spines and 15-19 rays. Their caudal fin is
forked. Australian Salmon are olive green to steel blue with small dark spots on the
back and upper sides, and pale yellow-green to silvery white below. The pectoral
fins are bright yellow. Juveniles are silvery white with several rods of large
golden or brown spots on the back and sides.

Australian Salmon are endemic to the Australasian region, and inhabit southern
Australian waters and also Lord Howe and Norfolk Islands, the north and south islands of
New Zealand and the Kermadec Islands.

They live in continental shelf waters and
are also found in estuaries, bays and inlets. They
school in shallow, open coastal waters and can move over reefs in depths just sufficient
to cover their bodies. Juvenile Australian Salmon are found over soft substrates in
shallow and sheltered coastal waters. They are often found over seagrass beds and in
mangrove-lined creeks. They can tolerate temperature and salinity extremes, such as
those found in the gulfs in South Australia and the Coorong. Larger fish move into
exposed coastal waters such as around rocky headlands near reefs and the surf zone.

Australian Salmon are taken by recreational anglers. they are especially popular
with beach and rock anglers. They are targeted by shoreline and boat based trolling.
The most common method is the use of pilchard bait on ‘ganged’ (linked) hooks.
Metal lures also work well.

They are opportunistic feeders and they feed on crustaceans and small fish, pilchards,
anchovies, tommy ruff, southern sea
garfish
and calamari, squid and polychaete worms.
Migrating schools of Australian salmon are preyed on by whaler sharks, white pointer
sharks, grey nurse sharks, dolphins and occasionally seals.

australian salmon, Arripis trutta

Map showing where Australian Salmon, Kahawai, Arripis trutta are found in Australian waters


australian salmon, arripis trutta, photo of kahawai,

Scientific Name Arripis trutta
Location Sth QLD to TAS, across to sth WA
Season November to May
Size To 75 cm and 9 kg
Australian Species Code 37 344900
Taste, Texture Strong fishy taste, firm texture.

Nutritional
Information

For every 100 grams raw product
for Australian Salmon fillet.

Kilojoules 647 (154
calories)
Protein 22.6 g
Cholesterol 29 mg
Sodium
Total fat
(oil)
1.1 g
Saturated
fat
33% of total
fat

Monounsaturated fat

24% of total
fat

Polyunsaturated fat

43% of total
fat
Omega-3, EPA 61 mg
Omega-3, DHA 262 mg
Omega-6, AA 11 mg

australian salmon, Arripis trutta, aust salmon

Angling for Australian Salmon or
Kahawai:

Salmon are commonly taken
on baits of cut fish flesh, whole pilchards and garfish on
ganged hooks, bottle squid or squid pieces, prawns, beach worms
and pipis.
They are
highly prized by anglers and commercial fishermen. Large concentrations of
feeding birds often indicate the presence of kahawai, which go into surface
feeding frenzies similar to those of bluefish (tailor). They feed actively on
anchovies and other small fish and can be caught on these or on fast moving
lures. On light tackle, the kahawai is a very sporting catch and will leap
repeatedly. It is also ideally suited to fly fishing. They will also occasionally take crabs, cunjevoi or
even bread, particularly in a berley trail. Larger specimens
will take live yellowtail or mullet baits.

  • Read more about
    Catching & Fishing for
    Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta)

Cooking
Australian Salmon:

The Australian salmon or kahawai provides reasonable table fare. It is a dark-fleshed,
strongly flavoured fish suitable for smoking, baking or being
made into fish cakes. It is popular in Tasmania, Victoria and
parts of South Australia and Western Australia, but not highly
regarded as a table fish in New South Wales. In areas where
salmon are unpopular table fare, this fine sporting fish should
always be carefully released to fight again.

  • Read more about
    Cooking
    Australian Salmon | Recipes for Kahawai

Commercial Fishing for Australian Salmon:

Australian Salmon are Wild caught. Australian salmon are a commercial species harvested primarily by beach seining or
bottom set gillnetting. They can also be caught using modified purse seining
techniques in which fishers operate in shallow waters behind the surf line. Large
fish are also taken on trolling gear. Relatively long-lived
fish, Australian salmon are a favored target of recreational
fishers, and both commercial and traditional Māori fisheries.
They are also common bycatch of the snapper, mullet, trevally,
and mackerel fisheries. These species are all taken in great
numbers by way of purse seine nets and trawling. They are also
caught by skilled fishermen along the southern coastline of
Australia by beach seining. Due to declining numbers and
ever-increasing annual catch sizes, the future viability of the
Australian salmon stock has been put into question. Buyers
and Sellers of Australian Salmon Arripis trutta
& Kahawai are listed.

  • Read more about
    Commercial
    Fishery Australian Salmon (Arripis trutta) | Trading Kahawai

More resources about
Australian Salmon:

Trade Seafood Industry Directory
Buyers and sellers of Australian Salmon Arripis trutta & kahawi, , Australian
fisheries statistics, dept Primary Industries Fishing & Aquaculture species
link, commonwealth fisheries association

  • Read more about
    Australian Salmon (Arripis
    trutta) Links & Resources

Source

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